Study on waste from hospital and clinics in Phitsanulok

Adsavakulchai, Ms Suwannee (2002) Study on waste from hospital and clinics in Phitsanulok. [Journal (On-line/Unpaginated)]

Full text available as:



Waste generation depends on numerous factors such as established waste management methods, type of hospital establishment, hospital specialization, proportion of reusable items employed in hospital, and proportion of patients treated on a day-care basis. This study surveyed the waste from hospital and clinics in Phitsanulok and found the average daily waste generated as general, medical and hazardous waste from all hospitals in Phitsanulok Province at 1.751, 0.284 and 0.013 kg/bed respectively and at 0.323, 0.041 and 0.002 kg/bed respectively from all clinics in Phitsanulok Province. Medical waste from all hospitals consisted of needles, gloves, drain tubes, cottons and gauze, napkins, plastic syringes, swap and body parts with total daily generation at 0.452, 0.480, 0.390, 0.404, 0.018, 0.355, 0.004 and 0.382 kg/bed respectively. Information about proper waste management process is needed to improve hospital waste management. Hospital waste management is an important and necessary component of environmental health protection.

Item Type:Journal (On-line/Unpaginated)
Keywords:Hospital waste, Phitsanulok, Waste generation
Subjects:JOURNALS > Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences
ID Code:3224
Deposited By: Kakkilaya Bevinje, Dr. Srinivas
Deposited On:17 Oct 2003
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:55

References in Article

Select the SEEK icon to attempt to find the referenced article. If it does not appear to be in cogprints you will be forwarded to the paracite service. Poorly formated references will probably not work.

1. The Deutsche Gesellschaft fÜr Technische Zusammenarbeit. Management of solid and liquid waste at small healthcare facilities in developing countries. 1999.

2. Kungskulniti, N. et al. Solid Waste Scavenger Community: An Investigation in Bangkok, Thailand. Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health. 1991; 5(1):54-65.

3. Ministry of Health. Handbook of hazardous hospital waste management in 10-bed and 30-bed community hospitals. Bangkok. 1995.

4. World Health Organization. Safe management of wastes from health-care activities. 1999.

5. Huong P.T. Soild Waste Management in Hanoi Vietnam: A case study of Hospital Waste Management. 1996.

6. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. EPA Guild for Infectious Waste Management, EPA/530-SW-86-014. (NTIS PB86-199130). U.S. EPA Office of Solid Waste.1986.

7. World Health Organization. Teacher’s Guide – Management of wastes from health-care activities. 1998.

8. United Nations. Recommendations on the transport of dangerous goods: model regulations, 10th revised ed. New York, United Nations (ST/SG/AC.10/1/Rev. 10).1997.

9. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Handbook Operation and Maintenance of Hospital Medical Waste Incinerators, EPA/625/6-89/024.1990.

10. Wilson E, Willmore J, McDougall F. Towards Integrated Management of Municipal Solid Waste. Report for the European Recovery and Recycling Association, Brussels. 1998. Available at

11. Paranan E. Upgrading of Hospital Waste Management. A case study in Bangkok, Thailand. 1997


Repository Staff Only: item control page