Sources of Object-Specific Effects in Representational Momentum

Vinson, Norman G. and Reed, Catherine L. (2002) Sources of Object-Specific Effects in Representational Momentum. [Journal (Paginated)]

Full text available as:



In this study we explore the sources of object-specific effects in representational momentum (RM). "Object-specific effects" refers to the elicitation of different patterns of RM by different objects. We examined whether object-specific effects could be produced by an object’s conceptual context, visual features, or their interaction. The conceptual context was composed of the object's label with, in some cases, a description of the object, plus experimental trials requiring the participant to identify the object. In addition, we examined whether the contribution of visual features to objectspecific effects came from one particular visual feature previously linked to RM (pointedness), or from the object’s overall appearance. Our results show that generally, the stimulus’ overall appearance must be consistent with its conceptual context for related conceptual knowledge to produce object-specific RM effects. These experiments therefore provide evidence that knowledge particular to an object, or its category, unconsciously affects mental transformations.

Item Type:Journal (Paginated)
Keywords:Representational momentum, object recognition, perception
Subjects:Psychology > Cognitive Psychology
Psychology > Perceptual Cognitive Psychology
ID Code:3312
Deposited By: Vinson, Norman G.
Deposited On:13 Dec 2003
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:55

References in Article

Select the SEEK icon to attempt to find the referenced article. If it does not appear to be in cogprints you will be forwarded to the paracite service. Poorly formated references will probably not work.

Anstis, S.M. (1980). The perception of apparent motion. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, B, 290, 153-169.

Attneave, F. (1971). Multistability in perception. Scientific American, 225, 6, 62-71.

Braddick, O.J. (1980). Low-level and high-level processes in apparent motion. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, B, 290, 137-151.

Bruce, V., & Green, P.R. (1990). Visual perception: physiology, psychology and ecology (2nd ed.). London, UK: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Cohen, J., MacWhinney, B., Flatt, M., & Provost, J. (1993). PsyScope: An interactive graphic system for designing and controlling experiments in the psychology laboratory using Macintosh computers. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, and Computers, 25, 257-271.

Farah, M.J. (1988). Is visual imagery really visual? Overlooked evidence from neuropsychology. Psychological Review, 95, 307-317.

Ferguson, G.A. (1981). Statistical analysis in psychology and education (5th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company.

Finke, R.A., & Freyd, J.J. (1989). Mental extrapolation and cognitive penetrability: Reply to Ranney and proposals for evaluative criteria. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 118, 403-408.

Finke, R.A., Freyd, J.J., & Shyi, G. C.-W. (1986). Implied velocity and acceleration induce transformations of visual memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 115, 175-188.

Freyd, J.J. & Finke, R. A. (1984). Representational momentum. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 10, 126-132.

Freyd, J. J. & Finke, R.A. (1985). A velocity effect for representational momentum. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 23, 443-446.

Freyd, J.J. & Miller, G.F. (1992). Creature motion. Paper given at the Thirty-third Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society, St. Louis.

Freyd, J.J., & Pantzer, TM. (1995). Static patterns moving in the mind. In Smith, S.M., Ward, T.B., Finke, R.A.(Eds.), The creative cognition approach (pp. 184-204). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Halpern, A.R., & Kelly, M.H. (1993). Memory biases in left versus right implied motion. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 19, 471-484.

Hubbard, T.L. (1994). Judged displacement: A modular process? American Journal of Psychology, 107, 359-373.

Hubbard, T.L. (1995a). Cognitive representation of motion: Evidence for representational friction and gravity analogues. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 21, 1-14.

Hubbard, T.L. (1995b). Environmental invariants in the representation of motion: Implied dynamics and representational momentum, gravity, friction, and centripetal force. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 2, 322-338.

Hubbard, T.L. (1999). How consequences of physical principles influence mental representation: The environmental invariants hypothesis. In Killeen, P.R. & Uttal, W.R. (Eds.), Fechner day 99: The end of 20th century psychophysics. Proceedings of the fifteenth annual meeting of the International Society for Psychophysics (pp 274-279). Tempe, AZ: The International Society for Psychophysics.

Hubbard, T.L., & Bharucha, J.J. (1988). Judged displacement in apparent vertical and horizontal motion. Perception & Psychophysics, 44, 211-221.

Jolicoeur, P., & Kosslyn, S.M. (1985). Is time to scan visual images due to demand characteristics? Memory and Cognition, 13, 320-332

Kelly, M., & Freyd, J. (1987). Explorations of representational momentum. Cognitive Psychology, 19, 369-401.

Nagai, M. & Yagi A. (2001). Pointedness effect on representational momentum. Memory and Cognition, 29, 91-99.

McBeath, M.K., Morikawa, K., & Kaiser, M.K. (1992). Perceptual bias for forward-facing motion. Psychological Science, 1, 362-367.

Palmer, S.E. (1980). What makes triangles point: Local and global effects in configurations of ambiguous triangles. Cognitive Psychology, 12, 285-305.

Palmer, S.E., & Bucher, N.M. (1982). Textural effects in perceived pointing of ambiguous triangles. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 8, 693-708.

Ranney, M. (1989). Internally represented forces may be cognitively penetrable: comment on Freyd, Pantzer, & Cheng. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 118, 399-402.

Reed, C.L., & Vinson, N.G. (1996). Conceptual effects on representational momentum. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 22, 839-850.

Rosch, E., Mervis, C. B., Gray, W., Johnson, D., & Boyes-Braem, P. (1976). Basic objects in natural categories. Cognitive Psychology, 3, 382-439.

Shepard, R.N. (1981). Psychophysical complementarity. In M. Kubovy & J.R. Pomerantz (Eds.), Perceptual organization (pp. 279-341). Hillsdale, NJ: Earlbaum.

Shepard, R.N. (1984). Ecological constraints on internal representation: Resonant kinematics of perceiving, imagining, thinking, and dreaming. Psychological Review, 91, 417-447.

Shepard, R.N. (1994). Perceptual-cognitive universals as reflections of the world. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 1, 2-28.

Shepard, R.N., & Cooper, L.A. (1982). Mental images and their transformations. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Shiffrar, M., & Freyd, J.J. (1990). Apparent motion of the human body. Psychological Science, 1, 257-264.

Vinson, N.G. (1995). Idiosyncratic constraints in representational momentum. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, USA.


Repository Staff Only: item control page