Prescribing Privileges for Psychologists: A Public Service or Hazard?

Lakhan, Shaheen E (2007) Prescribing Privileges for Psychologists: A Public Service or Hazard? [Journal (On-line/Unpaginated)]

Full text available as:



The privilege to prescribe pharmacotherapeutics has been granted in limited areas to psychologists. The psychologist's role in society may be approaching a great evolution that can dramatically impact the state of mental healthcare and the discipline of psychiatry. Opponents argue drug company funding and cheaper non-PhD psychological professionals fuel the movement for prescription rights for PhD level psychologists. However, proponents claim that this right would equip psychologists with greater psychotherapeutic modalities and the capability of having richer doctor-patient relationships to diagnose and treat underserved populations. Nonetheless, the paucity of prescribing psychologist studies cannot allow the biopsychosocial community to make firm opinions, let alone a decision on this debate. This article reviews the history of clinical psychology and highlights the potential divergence into collaborative clinical and health psychologists and autonomous prescribing psychologists.

Item Type:Journal (On-line/Unpaginated)
Keywords:Prescriptions, Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Pharmacology, Privileges, Collaboration
Subjects:JOURNALS > Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences
ID Code:5712
Deposited By: Kakkilaya Bevinje, Dr. Srinivas
Deposited On:18 Sep 2007 02:42
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:56

References in Article

Select the SEEK icon to attempt to find the referenced article. If it does not appear to be in cogprints you will be forwarded to the paracite service. Poorly formated references will probably not work.

1. Taylor E. Psychotherapeutics and the problematic origins of clinical psychology in America. American Psychologist 2000;55(9):1029-1033.

2. Cranston A. Psychology in the Veterans Administration: a storied history, a vital future. American Psychologist, 1986;41(9):990-995.

3. Corrie S, Callahan MM. A review of the scientist--practitioner model: reflections on its potential contribution to counselling psychology within the context of current health care trends. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 2000;73( Pt 3):413-427.

4. Gilgen AR. American psychology since World War II : a profile of the discipline. 1982. Westport, Conn. Greenwood Press.

5. Humphreys K. Clinical psychologists as psychotherapists: history, future, and alternatives. American Psychologist, 1996;51(3):190-197.

6. Suls J, Rothman A. Evolution of the biopsychosocial model: prospects and challenges for health psychology. Health Psychology 2004;23(2):119-125.

7. Fan A. Psychological and psychosocial effects of prostate cancer. Nursing Standard 2002;17(13):33-37.

8. Glick ID. Adding psychotherapy to pharmacotherapy: data, benefits, and guidelines for integration. American Journal of Psychotherapy 2004;58(2):186-208.

9. Bush JW. Prescribing privileges: grail for some practitioners, potential calamity for interprofessional collaboration in mental health. Journal Clinical Psychology, 2002;58(6):681-696.

10. Littrell J, Ashford JB. Is it proper for psychologists to discuss medications with clients? Professional Psychology: Research and Practice 1995;26(3):238-244.

11. Sanua VD. The Political History of the Prescription Privilege Movement Within the American Psychological Association. In Hayes SC, Heiby E (Eds.), Prescription privileges for psychologists: a critical appraisal 1998. Reno, NV: Context Press. pp. 75-95

12. Fagan TJ, Ax RK, Resnick RJ, Liss M, Johnson RT, Forbes MR. Attitudes among interns and directors of training: Who wants to prescribe, who doesn't, and why. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice 2004;35:345-356.

13. Hayes SC, Follette VM, Dawes RM, Grady KE. Scientific Standards of Psychological Practice. 1995. Reno, NV: Context Press.

14. Clay RA. Mental health professions vie for position in the next decade. APA Monitor 1998;29(9).

15. Hayes S, Heiby E. Psychology's drug problem: do we need a fix or should we just say no? American Psychologist 1996;51(3):198-206.

16. Antonuccio DO, Danton WG, McClanahan TM. Psychology in the prescription era: building a firewall between marketing and science. American Psychologist 2003;58(12):1028-1043.

17. Sleek S. Psychologists, physicians piece together patient care. APA Monitor 1994;June, 22.

18. Burns SM, DeLeon PH, Chemtob CM, Welch BL, Samuels RM. Psychotropic medication: A new technique for psychology? Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, and Training 1988;25:508-515.

19. DeLeon PH, Wiggins JG, Jr. Prescription privileges for psychologists. American Psychologist 1996;51(3):225-229.

20. Albee GW. Prescribing not the answer. Psychologist 2003;16:579.

21. Johnstone L. Back to basics. Psychologist 2003;16:186-187.

22. DeNelsky GY. The case against prescription privileges for psychologists. American Psychologist 1996;51(3):207-212.

23. Sechrest L, Coan JA. Preparing psychologists to prescribe. Journal Clinical Psychology 2002;58(6):649-658.

24. Moyer DM. An Opposing View on Prescription Privileges for Psychologists. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice 1995;26:586-590.

25. McFall RM. Training for prescriptions vs. prescriptions for training: Where are we now? Where should we be? How do we get there? Journal of Clinical Psychology 2002;58:659-676.

26. Robiner WN. The mental health professions: Workforce supply and demand, issues, and challenges. Clinical Psychology Review 2006;26:600-625.

27. DeLeon PH, Bennett BE, Bricklin PM. Ethics and public policy formulation: a case example related to prescription privileges. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice 1997;28(6):518-525.

28. DeLeon PH, Fox RE, Graham SR. Prescription privileges. Psychology's next frontier? American Psychologist 1991;46(4):384-393.

29. Wiggins JG, Wedding D. Prescribing, professional identity, and costs. Professional Psychology-Research and Practice, 2004;35:148-150.

30. McGrath RE, Wiggins JG, Sammons MT, Levant RF, Brown A, Stock W. Professional issues in pharmacotherapy for psychologists. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice 2004;35:158-163.

31. Fagan TJ, Ax RK, Liss M, Resnick RJ, Moody S. Prescriptive authority and preferences for training. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice 2007;38:104-111.

32. Smyer MA, Balster RL, Egli D, Johnson DL, Kilbey M, Leith NJ et al. Summary of the Report of the Ad Hoc Task Force on Psychopharmacology of the American Psychological Association. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice 1993;24:394-403.

33. Lavoie KL, Fleet RP. Should Psychologists Be Granted Prescription Privileges? A Review of the Prescription Privilege Debate for Psychiatrists. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry 2002;47(5):443-449.

34. DeLeon PH, Folen RA, Jennings FL, Willis DJ, Wright RH. The case for prescription privileges: A logical evolution of professional practice. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology 1991;20:254-267.

35. Jones CB, Cohen SA, Munsat PE, Dorris JF, Berson BS. Cost-effectiveness and feasibility of the DoD Psychopharmacology Demonstration Project: Final report. 1996. Arlington, VA: Vector Research.

36. Abeles N, Victor T. Unique Opportunities for Psychology in Mental Health Care for Older Adults. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice 2003;10(1):120-124.

37. Victoroff MS. Psychologist prescribing: not such a crazy idea. Managed Care 2002:May:21-24.

38. Kingsbury SJ. Some effects of prescribing privileges. American Psychologist 1992;47(3):426-427.

39. Robiner WN, Bearman DL, Berman M, Grove WM, Colon E, Armstrong J et al. Prescriptive authority for psychologists: Despite deficits in education and knowledge? Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings 2003;10:211-221.

40. Wallis N, Wedding D. The battle for the use of drugs for therapeutic purposes in optometry: Lessons for clinical psychology. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice 2004;35:323-328.

41. Read J. The bio-bio-bio model of madness. Psychologist 2005;18:596-597.

42. Wiggins J. Would you want your child to be a psychologist? American Psychologist 1994;49:485-492.


Repository Staff Only: item control page