Etiology and Management of Sexual Dysfunction

Mysore Nagaraj, Anil Kumar and Pai, Nagesh Brahmavar and Bevinahalli Nanjegowda, Raveesh and Rajagopal, Rajendra and Muthugaduru Shivarudrappa, Narendra Kumar and Siddika, Nayeema (2009) Etiology and Management of Sexual Dysfunction. [Journal (On-line/Unpaginated)]

Full text available as:



Sexual dysfunction is the impairment or disruption of any of the three phases of normal sexual functioning, including loss of libido, impairment of physiological arousal and loss, delay or alteration of orgasm. Each one of these can be affected by an orchestra of factors like senility, medical and surgical illnesses, medications and drugs of abuse. Non-pharmacological therapy is the main stay in the treatment of sexual dysfunction and drugs are used as adjuncts for a quicker and better result. Management in many of the cases depends on the primary cause. Here is a review of the major etiological factors of sexual dysfunction and its management

Item Type:Journal (On-line/Unpaginated)
Keywords:Sexual dysfunction, Erectile dysfunction, Premature ejaculation, Impaired libido
Subjects:JOURNALS > Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences
ID Code:6663
Deposited By: Kakkilaya Bevinje, Dr. Srinivas
Deposited On:14 Nov 2009 11:41
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:57

References in Article

Select the SEEK icon to attempt to find the referenced article. If it does not appear to be in cogprints you will be forwarded to the paracite service. Poorly formated references will probably not work.

1. Bancroft J. The biological basis of human sexuality. In Human Sexuality and its problems. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone. 1989. Pp. 12-127.

2. First MB, Tasman A. Sexual Disorders. In Clinical Guide to the Diagnosis and Treatment of Mental Disorders. New Delhi: Wiley India. 2007. Pp. 382-98.

3. Birtwistle J, Baldwin DS. Psychotropic drugs and sexual dysfunction. Current Medical Literature in Psychiatry. 1998:63-68.

4. Clayton AH. Recognition and assessment of sexual dysfunction associated with depression. J Clin Psychiatry 2001;62(suppl 3):5-9.

5. Masters WH, Johnson VE. Human sexual response. Boston, Mass: Little Brown & Co Inc; 1966.

6. Kaplan HP. The New Sex Therapy. New York, Brunner / Mazel, 1974.

7. Schiavi RC. Sexuality and aging in men. Annual review of sex research. 1990;1:227.

8. Schiavi RC, Schreiner-Engel P, Mandeli J et al. Healthy aging and male sexual function. Am J Psychiatry. 1990;147:766.

9. Schiavi RC, White D, Mandeli J et al. Hormones and nocturnal penile tumescence in healthy aging men. Arch Sex Behav. 1993:22:207

10. Sherwin B. The psychoendocrinology of aging and female sexuality. Ann review Sex Research. 1991;2:181

11. Crisp AH. Sexual psychopathology in the psychiatric clinic. Br J. Clin Practice 1979;(suppl) 4:3-11.

12. Hallward A, Ellison JM. The physiology of sexual function. In Antidepressants and sexual function. London: Harcourt Health Communications; 2001. Pp. 8-27.

13. Aizenberg D, Zemishlany Z, Dolfman-Etrog P, Weizman A. Sexual dysfunction in male Schizophrenic patients. J Clin Psychiatry 1995;56:137-141.

14. Aksaray G, Yelken B, Kaptanoglu C. Sexuality in women with obsessive – compulsive disorder. J Sex Marital Ther 2001;27:273-277.

15. Bodinger L, Hermesh H, Aizenberg D. Sexual function and behaviour in social phobia. J Clin Psychiatry 2002;63(10):874-79.

16. Sadock BJ, Sadock VA. Abnormal Sexuality and Sexual Dysfunctions. In Synopsis of Psychiatry. Philadelphia. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 2007. Pp 689-705.

17. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental disorders - Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders. 4th edition, Text Revision. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association Press. 2000

18. Virginia AS, Sadock MD. Normal Human Sexuality and Sexual Dysfunctions; In: Sadock BJ, Sadock VA. (eds). Comprehensive textbook of Psychiatry. 8th Ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott William and Wilkins. 2005: 1902-1935.

19. World Health Organization. The ICD-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders. Geneva. Oxford University Press. 1992.

20. Compton MT, Miller AH. Sexual side effects associated with conventional and atypical antipsychotic. Psychopharmacol Bull 2001;54(3):89-108.

21. Ullery EK, Millner VS. The Emergent Care and Treatment of Women with Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder. The Family Journal: Counseling and Therapy for Couples and Families. 2002:10;346-350.

22. Hulbert DF. A comparative study using orgasm consistency training in the treatment of women reporting hypoactive sexual desire. Journal of Sex and Marital Therap. 1993:10:41-55.

23. Trudel G, Marchand A, Ravert M et al. The effect of cognitive behavioural group treatment program on hypoactive sexual desire in women. Sexual and Relation Therapy. 2001:16:146-164.

24. Pridal CG, LoPiccolo J. Multi-elemental treatment of desire disorders: Intigration of cognitive, behavioural and systemic therapy. In (Eds) Leiblum SR, Rosen RC. Principles and Practice of Sex Therapy. Guilford. New York. 2000. Pp. 57-81.

25. Masters WH, Johnson VE. Human sexual inadequacy. Boston: Little Brown. As cited in Journal of Sex Research. 1970;35:88-110.

26. McCarthy BW. Relapse Prevention Strategies and Techniques with Erectile Dysfunction. Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy. 2001;27:1-8.

27. Montejo AL, Llorca G, Izquierdo JA et al. Incidence of sexual dysfunction associated with antidepressant agents: A prospective multicentre study of 1022 outpatients. J Clinical Psychiatry. 2001;62(Suppl 3):10-20.

28. Nemeth A, Arato M, Trener T et al. Treatment of fluvoxamine induced anorgasmia with a partial drug holiday. Am J Psychiatry. 1996;153(10):1365.

29. Rothschild AJ. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor induced sexual dysfunction: efficacy of a drug holiday. Am J Psychiatry. 1995;152:1514-16.

30. Pacheco-Hernandez A. Antidepressants and sexual function. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2000;23:595-605.

31. Seamans JH. Premature ejaculation: A new approach. South Med Journal. 1956;49:353-58.

32. Metz ME, Pryor JL. Premature ejaculation: A psychophysiological approach for assessment and management. J Sex and Marital Therapy. 2000;26:293-320.

33. LaPera G, Nicastro A. A new treatment for premature ejaculation: The rehabilitation of the pelvic floor. J Sex and Marital Therapy. 1996;22:22-26.

34. Magnuson S, Collins S. Collaboration between couples, counselors and physical therapists when treating dyspareunia: An untapped partnership. The Family Journal: Counseling and Therapy for Couples and Families. 2002;10:109-111.

35. Kabakci E, Baturi S. Who benefits from cognitive behavior therapy for vaginismus? Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy. 2003;29:277-88.

36. Nasab MM, Farnoosh Z. Management of Vaginismus with Cognitive Behavioural Therapy: Self-Finger Approach. Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences. 2003;28(2):69-71. Available at


Repository Staff Only: item control page