The Dynamics of Political Parties’ Coalition in Indonesia: The evaluation of political party elites’ opinion

Maulana, Ardian and Khanafiah , Deni (2009) The Dynamics of Political Parties’ Coalition in Indonesia: The evaluation of political party elites’ opinion. [Departmental Technical Report] (Unpublished)

Full text available as:

PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.



During the Indonesian president election process, the coalition of parties could be shown as the dominant process beside the president campaign. The coalition could be regarded as the emergence of the parties’ preferential coherence based upon the interest and attributes of each party. The similarity and difference of parties’ preference and attributes could be depicted through of party elites’ opinions and attitude toward flowered political issues. In this paper, we use the Heider’s balance theory to construct relation network among parties by using the longitudinal news data of the party elite’s opinion that published by the media, and then analyze the dynamic of coalition formation in the Indonesian political system during the election process. We have shown that the balance of the party’s relational network move toward the larger balance index relative to the initial condition. This phenomenon has verified the structural balance hypothesis especially for the conflict situation such as the election process. Interestingly, the balance of the system is fluctuated dynamically through time following certain trajectory. This dynamics is divided into 3 phases, that is, disorder state, conflict state, and order state, as well as signed the difference of party behavior before and after the legislative election. Moreover, we also analyzed the stability two parties’ relation in particular period in order to understand specifically the dynamic of the system in triadic level.

Item Type:Departmental Technical Report
Keywords:Coalition, party elites’ opinion, relation network, Heider’s balance theory, balance index, stability index
Subjects:Computer Science > Complexity Theory
Psychology > Social Psychology > Social simulation
Psychology > Cognitive Psychology
ID Code:6679
Deposited By: maulana, ardian
Deposited On:14 Nov 2009 11:37
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:57

References in Article

Select the SEEK icon to attempt to find the referenced article. If it does not appear to be in cogprints you will be forwarded to the paracite service. Poorly formated references will probably not work.

Cartwright, D.C. and Harary, F. (1956). “Structural balance: A generalization of Heider’s Theory”. Psychological Review, 63: 277-292.

Davis,J. (1963). “Structural Balance, Mechanical Solidarity, and Interpersonal Relation”. The American Journal of Sociology, 68(4): 444-462

Doreian, P. (2004). “Evolution of Human Signed Networks”. Metodoloˇski zvezki, 1(2): 277-293

Gallagher, (2005). Representative Government in Modern Europe 4th ed. McGraw-Hill. Boston.

Heider, F. (1946). “Attitudes and cognitive organization”. Journal of Psychology. 45 : 107-112.

Hummon, N.P. and Doreian, P. (2003). “Dynamics of Social Balance Processes”. Social Networks, 25: 17-49.

Khanafiah, D. Situngkir, H. (2004). “Social Balance Theory, Revisiting Heider’s Balance Theory for Many Agents”. Working Paper Series. Bandung Fe Institute

Maulana, A. (2008). “Dinamika Sentimen Pemilih dalam Simulasi Voting berbasis Agen”. Working Paper Series. Bandung Fe Institute

Martin, L.W. and Vanberg,G. (2008): Coalition Government and Political Communication.Political Research Quarterly, Vol. 61, No. 3, 502-516

Mazur,A.,(1973), “Increased Tendency Toward Balance During Stressful Conflict”, Sociometry, 36(2): 279-283

Wang, Zhigang., Thorngate, Warrant. (2003). “Sentiment and Social Mitosis: Implications of Heider’s Balance Theory”. Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation 6(3). URL: http//


Repository Staff Only: item control page