The Role of Monochronic/ Polychronic Tendency and Expertise in Realization of Delayed Intention

Sanjram, Mr. Premjit K. (2008) The Role of Monochronic/ Polychronic Tendency and Expertise in Realization of Delayed Intention. [Conference Paper] (Unpublished)

Full text not available from this repository.


Increasing dependence of work on technological systems presents operators with various cognitive demands. Just as human work depends on technology, so does the safe and effective functioning of technological systems depend on operators. Operators are often involved in handling multiple tasks which requires prospective memory processes in fulfilling the task demands. Prospective memory failure can lead to serious losses. In the pursuit of future improvement of technology and utilization of human capabilities, researchers need to look at operator characteristics such as monochronic-polychronic task handling behavior and expertise to reveal performance differences of operators.

Item Type:Conference Paper
Keywords:Human cognition, multitasking, operator, prospective memory, technological system
Subjects:Psychology > Applied Cognitive Psychology
ID Code:6793
Deposited By: Sanjram, Premjit K.
Deposited On:18 Oct 2010 11:03
Last Modified:18 Oct 2010 11:03

References in Article

Select the SEEK icon to attempt to find the referenced article. If it does not appear to be in cogprints you will be forwarded to the paracite service. Poorly formated references will probably not work.

Baddeley, A. D., & Logie, R. H. (1999). Working Memory: The multiple-component model. In M. Akira, & Priti, Shah (Ed.), Models of working memory: Mechanisms of active maintenance and executive control (pp. 28-61). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Burgess, P. W., Veitcha, E., Costello, A., de Lacy, & Shallice, T. (2000). The cognitive and neuroanatomical correlates of multitasking. Neuropsychologia, 38, 848-863.

Conte, J. M., Rizzuto, T. E., & Steiner, D. D. (1999). A construct-oriented analysis of individual-level polychronicity. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 14, 269-287.

Cotte, J., & Ratneshwar, S. (1999). Juggling and hopping: What does it mean to work polychronically? Journal of Managerial Psychology, 14, 184-204.

Cross. (2004). Expertise in design: An overview. Design Studies, 25, 427-441.

Detweiler, M., & Schneider, W. (1991). Modelling the aquisition of dual-task skill in a connectionist/control architecture. In D. L. Damos (Ed.), Multiple-task performance (pp. 69-99). London: Taylor & Francis.

Dismukes, R. K., Loukopoulos, L.D., & Jobe, K. K. (2001). The challenges of managing concurrent and deferred tasks. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 11th International Symposium on Aviation, Columbus, OH: Ohio State University.

Donovan, M. S., Bransford, J. D., & Pellegrino, J. W. (1999). How People Learn: Bridging Research and Practice. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Einstein, G., O, McDaniel, M., A, Williford, C., L, Pagan, J., L, & Dismukes, R., K. (2003). Forgetting of intentions in demanding situations is rapid. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 9, 147-162.

Ericsson, K. A., & Charness, N. (1994). Expert performance: Its structure and acquisition. American Psychologist, 48, 725-747.

Farrington-Darby, T., & Wilson, J. R. (2006). The nature of expertise: A review. Applied Ergonomics, 37, 17-32.

Grabner, R. H., Neubauer, A. C., & Stern, J. (2006). Superior performance and neural efficiency: The impact of intelligence and expertise. Brain Research Bulletin, 69, 422-439.

Haase, R. F., Lee, D. Y., & Banks, D. L. (1979). Cognitive correlates of polychronicity. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 49, 271-282.

Haerem, & Rau. (2007). The influence of degree of expertise and objective task complexity on perceived task complexity and performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 5, 1320-1331.

Hecht, T. D., & Allen, N. J. (2005). Exploring links between polychronicity and well-being from the perspective of person–job fit: Does it matter if you prefer to do only one thing at a time? Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 98, 155-178.

Hoffman, R., Shadbolt, N., Burton, A., & Klein, G. (1995). Eliciting knowledge from experts: A methodological analysis. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 62, 129-158.

Hollnagel, E., & Cacciabue, P. C. (1999). Cognition, Technology & Work: An introduction. Cognition,Technology & Work, 1, 1-6.

Kaufman, C. F., Lane, P. M., & Lindquist, J. D. (1991). Exploring more than 24 hours a day: A preliminary investigation of polychronic time us. Journal of Consumer Research, 18, 392-401.

Kaufman-Scarborough, C., & Lindquist, J. D. (1999). Time management and polychronicity: Comparisons, contrasts, and insights for the workplace. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 14, 288-312.

Kolodner, J. L. (1983). Towards an understanding of the role of experience in the evolution from novice to expert. International Journal of Man-Machine Studies, 19, 497-518.

Kushleyeva, Y., Salvucci, D. D., & Lee, F. J. (2004). Deciding when to switch tasks in time-critical multitasking. Cognitive Systems Research, 6, 41-49.

Lindquist, J. D., & Kaufman-Scarborough, C. (2007). The polychronic monochronic tendency model: PMTS scale development and validation. Time and Society, 16, 253 - 285.

Logie, R., Baddeley, A. D., Mane, A., Donchin, E., & Sheptak, S. (1989). Working memory in the acquisition of complex cognitive skills. Acta Psycholgica, 71, 53-87.

Loukopoulos, L. D., Dismukes, R. K., & Barshi, I. (2003). Concurrent task demands in the cockpit: Challenges and vulnerabilites in routine flight operations. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 12th International Symposium on Aviation Psychology, Dayton, OH: The Wright State University.

McDaniel, M. A., & Einstein, G. O. (2007). Prospective memory: An overview and synthesisi of an emerging field. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications Inc.

Pattipati, K. R., & Kleinman, D. L. (1991). A review of the engineering models of information-processing and decision-making in multi-task decision-making in multi-task supervisory control. In D. L. Damos (Ed.), Multiple-task performance (pp. pp. 35-68). London: Taylor & Francis.

Salthouse, T. A. (1990). Cognitive competence and expertise in aging. In J. E. B. K. W. Schaie (Ed.), Handbook of the psychology of aging (3rd ed., pp. 310-310). New York: Academic Press.

Sauer, J. (2000). Prospective memory: A secondary task with promise. Applied Ergonomics, 31, 131-137.

Schenk, K. D., Vitalari, N. P., & Davis, K. S. (1998). Differences between novice and expert system analysts: What do we know and what do we do? Journal of Management Information Systems, 15, 9-50.

Shiffrin, R. M., & Schneider, W. (1977). Controlled and automatic human information processing: II. Perceptual learning, automatic attending and a general theory. Psychological Review, 84, 127-190.

Smith, R., E. (2003). The cost of remembering to remember in event-based prospective memory: Investigating the capacity demands of delayed intention performance. Journal of Experimental Psychology:Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 29, 347-361.

Stone, M., Dismukes, K., & Remington, R. (2001). Prsopective memory in dynamic environment: Effects of load, delay, and phonological rehearsal. Memory, 9, 165-176.

Tsang, P. S., & Shaner, T. L. (1998). Age, attention, expertise, and time-sharing performance. Psychology and Aging, 13, 323-347.

Vortac, O. U., Edwards, M., & Manning, C. A. (1995). Functions of external cues in prospective memory. Memory, 3, 201-219.

Wickens, C. D. (2000). Multiple task performance. In A. E. Kazdin (Ed.), Encyclopedia of psychology (Vol. 5, pp. 352-354). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Xie, B. (1997). A methodology for modeling and predicting mental workload in single and multiple task environments. Dissertation Abstract International, 59(01), 372B. (UMI No. 9821858).

Zhang, Y., Goonetilleke, R.,S. (2004). Time orientation and multi-tasking. Retrieved August 22, 2007, from

Zhang, Y., & Goonetilleke, R. S. (2006). Eye scan patterns of the time use trait and its use in management. Retrieved October 30, 2007, from

Zhang, Y., Goonetilleke, R. S., Plocher, T., & Max Liang, S.-F. (2003). Time orientation effects on process control. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the lEA 2003 XVth Triennial Congress (August 24-29, 2003), Seoul, Korea.

Zhang, Y., Goonetilleke, R. S., Plocher, T., & Max Liang, S.-F. (2005). Time-related behavior in multitasking situations. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 62, 425-455.


Repository Staff Only: item control page