Comparison of Ankle Proprioception Between Pregnant and Non Pregnant Women

R, Preetha and SM, John (2011) Comparison of Ankle Proprioception Between Pregnant and Non Pregnant Women. [Journal (On-line/Unpaginated)]

Full text available as:

PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution No Derivatives.



Pregnant women report falls especially during their third trimester. Physiological changes along with ligament laxity can affect the joint proprioception in this population. This study was conducted to compare the ankle proprioception between pregnant and non pregnant women. Thirty pregnant and 30 non pregnant women were included in the study and the position of ankles were recorded by a digital camera placed 60 cms away from the feet of the subject. UTHSCSA Image tool software version 3.0. was used to measure the difference between the initial and the final angle. The median repositioning error in the pregnant group was 11.6 (7.6, 12.4) degrees and the median repositioning error in the non-pregnant group was 4.2 (2.1, 6.3) degrees. There was a statistically significant difference in ankle joint proprioception between pregnant and non pregnant women.

Item Type:Journal (On-line/Unpaginated)
Keywords:Pregnancy; Ankle proprioception; Falls; Repositioning error
Subjects:JOURNALS > Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences
ID Code:7965
Deposited By: Kakkilaya Bevinje, Dr. Srinivas
Deposited On:09 Nov 2012 17:37
Last Modified:09 Nov 2012 17:37

References in Article

Select the SEEK icon to attempt to find the referenced article. If it does not appear to be in cogprints you will be forwarded to the paracite service. Poorly formated references will probably not work.

1. Foti T, Davids JR, Bagley AA. A biomechanical analysis of gait during pregnancy. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2002;82A:625–630.

2. R Alvarez, IA Stokes, DE Asprinio, S Trevino and T Braun. Dimensional changes of the feet in pregnancy. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1988;70-A:271-274.

3. Morasso PG, Schieppati M. Can muscle stiffness alone stabilize upright standing? J Neurophysiol. 1999;82:1622–1626.

4. LoramID, Maganaris CM, Lakie M. Human postural sway results fromfrequent,ballistic bias impulses by soleus and gastrocnemius. J Physiol. 2006; 564:295–311.

5. Oliveira LF, Vieira TMM, Macedo AR, Simpson DM, Nadal J. Postural sway changes during pregnancy: A descriptive study using stabilometry. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2009;147:25–28.

6. Butler EE, Colon I, Druzin ML, Rose J. An investigation of gait and postural balance during pregnancy. Gait & Posture 2006;S128-S129

7. Butler EE, Colon I, Druzin ML, Rose J. Postural equilibrium during pregnancy: Decreased stability with an increased reliance on visual cues. American Journal of Obstretics and Gynaecology 2006;95:1104-1108.

8. Jang J, Hsiao KT, Hsiao-Wecksler ET. Balance (perceived and actual) and preferred stance width during pregnancy. Clinbiomech 2008;23:468-476.

9. Dunning K, LeMasters G, Bhattacharya A. A Major Public Health Issue: The High Incidence of falls during Pregnancy. Matern Child Health J. 2010;14(5):720-725

10. Connolly AM., Katz VL, Bash KL, Mcmahon MJ, Hansen WF. Trauma and pregnancy. Am. J. Perinatol. 1997;14:331-336.

11. Weiss HB, Songer TJ, Fabio A, Fetal deaths related to maternal injury. JAMA. 2001;286:1863-1868

12. Pausic J, Pedisic Z, Dizdar D. Reliability of a Photographic Method for Assessing Standing Posture of Elementary School Students. J Manupulative Physiol Ther 2010;33(6):425-443.

13. Zarrow M, Holmstrom EG, Salhanick HA. The concentration of relaxin in the blood serum and other tissues of women during pregnancy. J. Clin. Endocrinol.1955;15:22-27.

14. Abramson D, Roberts SM, Wilson. Relaxation of the pelvic joints in pregnancy. Surg Gynec. and Obstet. 1934;58:595-613.

15. Block RA, Hess LA, Timpano EV, Serlo C. Physiologic changes in the foot during pregnancy. J. Am. Podiat. Med. Assn.1985;75:297-299.

16. Calguneri M, Bird HA, Wright V. Changes in joint laxity occurring during pregnancy. Ann Rheumat. Dis. 1982;41:126-128.


Repository Staff Only: item control page