Risk Factors for Hyperfunctional Voice Disorders Among Teachers

Sebastian, S and Suresh, BA and Simon , S and Ballraj, A (2012) Risk Factors for Hyperfunctional Voice Disorders Among Teachers. [Journal (On-line/Unpaginated)]

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The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of voice problems among teachers, and identify risk factors for developing voice pathology. In this study we evaluated 448 teachers (400 females and 48 males) between the age range of 25 to 55 years, from primary school as well as secondary school which were selected randomly. A questionnaire was given to them to find out how many of them had a voice problem. All the positive cases were further evaluated by an Otorhinolaryngologist, an Audiologist and a Speech Language Pathologist. Out of the 448 teachers, 39 of them(9%) had an indication of voice disorder based on the positive respose got from the questionnaire. Among the 39 cases identified 11 were males (28%) and 28 were females (71%). We tried to investigate on the factors that would have contributed to voice problem in the identified 9% of cases .Detailed history was taken and was examined by an otorhinolaryngologist, an audiologist and a Speech Language Pathologist.Out of the 39 cases identified 26% had history of recurrent allergic rhinitis and laryngitis, 18% had sinusitis and post nasal drip, 18% had asthma, 26% had gastoesophageal reflux disorder, (8%) had minimal sensori neural hearing loss and hypothyroidism was found in 8%. Interaction of multiple factors like hereditory, behavioral, lifestyle, medical and environmental can contribute to voice disorders in occupational voice users. Teachers need to be educated regarding vocal mechanism, vocal hygiene and effective voice use , dust free and noise free work environment, diet modification like drinking adequate water, avoiding spicy and deep fried food, regularizing meals and avoiding sleeping immediately after food. The underlying medical issues like allergy, sinusitis, laryngitis, hypothyroidism, gastroesophageal reflux, hearing loss etc also need to be addressed , since vocal hygiene alone will not help until and unless the underlying cause is taken care of.

Item Type:Journal (On-line/Unpaginated)
Keywords:Hyperfunctional voice disorder; Risk factors
Subjects:JOURNALS > Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences
ID Code:8894
Deposited By: Kakkilaya Bevinje, Dr. Srinivas
Deposited On:04 May 2013 23:05
Last Modified:04 May 2013 23:05

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