Development of bipedal and quadrupedal locomotion in humans from a dynamical systems perspective

Tan, Prof. Dr. Uner (2012) Development of bipedal and quadrupedal locomotion in humans from a dynamical systems perspective. [Book Chapter]

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The first phase in the development 0f locomotion, pr,öary variability would occur in normal fetuses and infants, and those with Uner Tan syndrome. The neural networks for quadrupedal locomotion have apparently been transmitted epigenetically through many species since about 400 MYA. The second phase is the neuronal selection process. During infancy, the most effective motor pattern(s) and their associated neuronal group(s) are selected through experience. The third phase, secondary or adaptive variability, starts to bloom at two to three years of age and matures in adolescence. This third phase may last much longer in some patients with Uner Tan syndrome, with a considerably delay in selection of the well-balanced quadrupedal locomotion, which may emerge very late in adolescence in these cases.

Item Type:Book Chapter
Keywords:Uner Tan syndrome, locomotion, development, human, quadrupedalism, complex systems, self-organization, central pattern generators, motor development, neuronal group selection theory
Subjects:Neuroscience > Behavioral Neuroscience
Neuroscience > Neurology
Neuroscience > Neurophysiology
Neuroscience > Neuropsychology
ID Code:8968
Deposited By: Tan, Prof. Dr. Uner
Deposited On:04 May 2013 23:25
Last Modified:04 May 2013 23:25

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