%A Peter Carruthers %J Theories of theories of mind %T Autism as mindblindness: an elaboration and partial defence %X In this chapter I defend the mind-blindness theory of autism, by showing how it can accommodate data which might otherwise appear problematic for it. Specifically, I show how it can explain the fact that autistic children rarely engage in spontaneous pretend-play, and also how it can explain the executive-function deficits which are characteristic of the syndrome. I do this by emphasising what I take to be an entailment of the mind-blindness theory, that autistic subjects have difficulties of access to their own mental states, as well as to the mental states of other people. %K autism, mind-blindness, executive function, self-knowledge, pretend play %P 257-276 %E Peter Carruthers %E Peter K Smith %D 1996 %I Cambridge University Press %L cogprints1193