%A Stevan Harnad %J Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science %T Symbol-Grounding Problem %X The Symbol Grounding Problem is related to the problem of how words get their meanings, and of what meanings are. The problem of meaning is in turn related to the problem of consciousness, or how it is that mental states are meaningful. %N 4 %K categorization, computation, consciousness, language, meaning, perceptio, sensorimotor function, reference, robotics, Turing test %V LXVII %D 2003 %I MacMillan: Nature Publishing Group %L cogprints3018