%A Gy?rgy Gergely %T What should a robot learn from an infant? Mechanisms of action interpretation and observational learning in infancy %X The paper provides a summary of our recent research on preverbal infants (using violation-of-expectation and observational learning paradigms) demonstrating that one-year-olds interpret and draw systematic inferences about other?s goal-directed actions, and can rely on such inferences when imitating other?s actions or emulating their goals. To account for these findings it is proposed that one-year-olds apply a non-mentalistic action interpretational system, the ?teleological stance? that represents actions by relating relevant aspects of reality (action, goal-state, and situational constraints) through the principle of rational action, which assumes that actions function to realize goal-states by the most efficient means available in the actor?s situation. The relevance of these research findings and the proposed theoretical model for how to realize the goal of epigenetic robotics of building a ?socially relevant? humanoid robot is discussed. %K teleological stance, goal-directd action, violaiton of expectation, non-mentatlistic action interpretation %P 13-24 %E Christopher G. Prince %E Luc Berthouze %E Hideki Kozima %E Daniel Bullock %E Georgi Stojanov %E Christian Balkenius %V 101 %D 2003 %I Lund University Cognitive Studies %L cogprints3365