@unpublished{cogprints3439, editor = {Kurt Richardson}, title = {How can we think the complex?}, author = {Carlos Gershenson and Francis Heylighen}, publisher = {Information Age Publishers}, year = {2004}, journal = {Managing the Complex Volume One: Philosophy, Theory and Application}, keywords = {complexity, philosophy, causality, emergence}, url = {http://cogprints.org/3439/}, abstract = {In this chapter we want to provide philosophical tools for understanding and reasoning about complex systems. Classical thinking, which is taught at most schools and universities, has several problems for coping with complexity. We review classical thinking and its drawbacks when dealing with complexity, for then presenting ways of thinking which allow the better understanding of complex systems. Examples illustrate the ideas presented. This chapter does not deal with specific tools and techniques for managing complex systems, but we try to bring forth ideas that facilitate the thinking and speaking about complex systems. } }