TY - GEN ID - cogprints6116 UR - http://cogprints.org/6116/ A1 - Evola, Vito TI - Cognitive Linguistics and the Evolution of Body and Soul in the Western World: from Ancient Hebrew to Modern English Y1 - 2007/07// N2 - A philological and comparative analysis of the lexical items concerning personhood in Ancient Hebrew, Ancient Greek and Modern English reveals semantic shifts concerning the relative lexical concepts. Ancient Hebrew presents an essentially holistic idea of personhood, whereas, via Biblical translations and Greek philosophical influences, the Western World has conceptualized humans as being dualistic in nature. I analyze the polysemy and semantic shifts in the lexicon used for "body" and "soul" in Ancient Hebrew and Ancient Greek, which are the two linguistic systems known by St. Paul of Tarsus, and then confront them with Paul's usage context, and finally with Modern English, hypothesizing a possible case of linguistic relativity. AV - public KW - philology KW - cognitive linguistics KW - body KW - soul KW - Hebrew KW - Greek KW - English KW - religion KW - St. Paul KW - religion KW - Christianity KW - Judaism KW - frames KW - translation KW - exegesis ER -