@misc{cogprints7788, volume = {10}, number = {1}, month = {April}, author = {MK Sharma and N Gour and DK Walia and NK Goel and N Agarwal}, editor = {Dr Srinivas Kakkilaya}, title = {Nutritional Status of Households of Rural Field Practice Area of a Tertiary Care Hospital in India}, publisher = {BS Kakkilaya}, year = {2011}, journal = {Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences}, keywords = {Nutritional status; Underweight; Overweight; Obesity.}, url = {http://cogprints.org/7788/}, abstract = {Introduction: In the world as a whole there appears to be a shift from under-nourishment towards over-nourishment making more and more children, adolescents, adults and even elderly to be overweight and obese. Objectives: Study aimed to find out the age and sex wise commonness of over-weight \& obesity amongst the families of an overtly different socio-economic environment and its trend in the members of one type of families. Materials \& Methods: The undergraduate medical students are supposed to maintain record of individual health (including height \& weight) of their own family as well as that of the allotted family. The data collected (record maintained ) by students was utilized to calculate Body Mass Index (BMI). Results: Out of total 291 subjects (males 168; females 123) in students own family 28.9\% (28.0\%; 30.1\%) were overweight and 5.9\% (6.0\%; 5.7\%) were obese. The similar figures for 262 subjects (males 143 \& females 119) in the allotted families were 20.2\% (18.5\%; 20.2\%) and 6.5\% (4.2\%; 8.4\%) respectively. The respective percentages of under nourished individuals were 18.6 (17.9; 19.5) and 35.5 (37.8; 32.8). Thus over-nutrition was more common amongst the members of students own families (34.8\% vs. 26.7\%) and under-nutrition was more common amongst the members of allotted families (35.5\% vs. 18.6\%) For the years 2000-2003, BMI amongst individuals of students own families the under-nutrition in the age group of 15-24 years amongst males increased from 15.9\% to 32.9\% and over-nutrition from 13.6\% to 20.5\%. There was no case of overweight and obesity up to the age of 34 years in the previous analysis which was 2.6\% in the present analysis Previous results demonstrated overweight to be more common in males (32.4\% Vs. 24.4\% in females) and obesity being more common females ( 6.3\% Vs. 2.6\% in females). Conclusion: Males are increasingly becoming prey of malnutrition (adolescents for under-nutrition and adults \& elderly for over-nutrition. More studies covering larger samples are required to be conducted on a more frequent basis.} }