The RSPCA's 'Focus on Fish' online conference

Reuben Message presented at the RSPCA organised 'Focus on Fish' online event on the 23rd of February 2021.
While the event as a whole focused on practical refinements for fish in research and testing, Reuben introduced a different perspective by arguing that as much as fish welfare and the 3Rs represent many technical challenges that need to be overcome, so also do they involve thoroughly social questions which need to be understood. In doing so he drew loosely on research with Beth Greenhough and published in 2019.

The event was very well attended by a mixed audience from across the world.

Image credit: NICHD,

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