Four basic symmetry types in the universal 7-cluster structure of 143 complete bacterial genomic sequences

Gorban, A.N. and Popova, T.G. and Zinovyev, A.Yu. (2004) Four basic symmetry types in the universal 7-cluster structure of 143 complete bacterial genomic sequences. [Preprint]

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Coding information is the main source of heterogeneity (non-randomness) in the sequences of bacterial genomes. This information can be naturally modeled by analysing cluster structures in the ``in-phase'' triplet distributions of relatively short genomic fragments (200-400bp). We found a universal 7-cluster structure in all 143 completely sequenced bacterial genomes available in Genbank in August 2004, and explained its properties. The 7-cluster structure is responsible for the main part of sequence heterogeneity in bacterial genomes. In this sense, our 7 clusters is the basic model of bacterial genome sequence. We demonstrated that there are four basic ``pure'' types of this model, observed in nature: ``parallel triangles'', ``perpendicular triangles'', degenerated case and the flower-like type. We show that codon usage of bacterial genomes is a multi-linear function of their genomic G+C-content with high accuracy (more precisely, by two similar functions, one for eubacterial genomes and the other one for archaea). All 143 cluster animated 3D-scatters are collected in a database and is made available on our web-site: The finding can be readily introduced into any software for gene prediction, sequence alignment or bacterial genomes classification.

Item Type:Preprint
Keywords:codon usage, cluster structure, mean field, frequency dictionary
Subjects:Biology > Theoretical Biology
ID Code:3915
Deposited By: Gorban, Prof Alexander N.
Deposited On:06 Nov 2004
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:55

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