Emotion and the self: The context of remembering

Miall, David S. (1986) Emotion and the self: The context of remembering. [Journal (Paginated)]

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In an incidental learning task, the effectiveness of self-reference as a learning strategy is equalled by that of reference to a friend in terms of amount of material remembered, and both are more effective than reference to imagery or the commonness of material. The results of the present study, however, show that reference to the self enhances memory for emotional material compared with reference to a friend; but emotionally neutral material is remembered better by reference to a friend. Whether the emotional material is positive or negative also influences memory levels. It is suggested that the self-concept is not a uniform schema for remembering: it is differentiated according to type of material (emotional vs. neutral) and whether material represents items or actions; but the primary form in which the self-concept appears to be represented is emotional.

Item Type:Journal (Paginated)
Keywords:self-concept, self schema, emotion, memory, depth of processing, incidental learning, verbal processing, imagery, social perception, perspective, instructional strategies
Subjects:Psychology > Social Psychology
ID Code:723
Deposited By: Miall, David S.
Deposited On:19 Jul 1998
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:54


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