Learning to predict visibility and invisibility from occlusion events

Marshall, J A and Alley, R K and Hubbard, R S (1996) Learning to predict visibility and invisibility from occlusion events. [Book Chapter]

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Visual occlusion events constitute a major source of depth information. This paper presents a self-organizing neural network that learns to detect, represent, and predict the visibility and invisibility relationships that arise during occlusion events, after a period of exposure to motion sequences containing occlusion and disocclusion events. The network develops two parallel opponent channels or "chains" of lateral excitatory connections for every resolvable motion trajectory. One channel, the "On" chain or "visible" chain, is activated when a moving stimulus is visible. The other channel, the "Off" chain or "invisible" chain, carries a persistent, amodal representation that predicts the motion of a formerly visible stimulus that becomes invisible due to occlusion. The learning rule uses disinhibition from the On chain to trigger learning in the Off chain. The On and Off chain neurons can learn separate associations with object depth ordering. The results are closely related to the recent discovery (Assad & Maunsell, 1995) of neurons in macaque monkey posterior parietal cortex that respond selectively to inferred motion of invisible stimuli.

Item Type:Book Chapter
Subjects:Biology > Animal Cognition
Neuroscience > Computational Neuroscience
Computer Science > Artificial Intelligence
Computer Science > Machine Vision
Computer Science > Neural Nets
ID Code:438
Deposited By: Marshall, Jonathan
Deposited On:28 Apr 1998
Last Modified:11 Mar 2011 08:53


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