Piezoelectric Generator
Electromagnetic Generator
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Micromachined Piezoelectric Generator

Both electromagnetic and piezoelectric generators utilise a cantilever/mass structure. The piezoelectric generator couples the motion of a silicon mass and cantilever beam to AlN or PZT piezoelectric thin films deposited on the top surface of the cantilever. Figure 1 shows a finite element plot of a typical device geometry.

Figure 1 - Finite element model of piezoelectric generator

This has been fabricated using a range of standard silicon micromachining techniques. Generators fabricated with sol-gel deposited PZT and sputtered AlN have been realised and different electrode configurations investigated. A scanning electron micrograph of a completed device with split electrodes is shown in figure 2.

PZT based devices with IDT electrodes have demonstrated 1.4 microwatt from 2g vibrations at 840 Hz. The overall device is 2 cubic millimeters in size.

Figure 2 - PZT generator with split electrodes