Redressing Gendered Health Inequalities of Displaced Women and Girls

University of Southampton


Brazil - Federal University of Maranhão

Brazil - Federal University of Maranhão Zeni Carvalho Lamy
Zeni Carvalho Lamy

Zeni is a Pediatrician and neonatologist and holds a PhD in Child and Women’s Health. She is an Associate Professor at the Federal University of Maranhão, Brazil where she is a researcher of the Graduate Program in Collective Health (UFMA).  Zeni is also the Coordinator of the Center for Studies on Health and Subjectivity NESS of CNPq, National Consultant for the Coordination of Child Health and Breastfeeding of the Brazilian Ministry of Health. Member of the Advisory Board of the Society of Child and Pediatrics of Maranhão, Brazil.  Zeni has a great deal of experience in medicine, with emphasis on Public Health and Maternal and Child Health.

Brazil - Fiocruz Fundation

Brazil - Fiocruz Fundation Maria do Carmo Leal
Maria do Carmo Leal

Maria do Carmo Leal is a Professor at the National School of Public Health (NSPH) Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz), Brazilian Ministry of Health, and a Senior Researcher of the Brazilian National Council of Research. She is a lead researcher, who has led several investigations into Maternal and Child Health with emphasis in Epidemiology and programme evaluation in her country. Her areas of scientific expertise include Inequalities in Health, Primary Health Care, Reproductive Health, Maternal Mortality and Infant and Child Mortality.

Maria do Carmo Leal coordinates program and project grants funded by the Brazilian National Council of Research, the Brazilian Ministry of Health and Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Recently, she has coordinated a major national enquiry, Birth in Brazil: a national survey into Labor and Birth, whose results contributed to supporting the development of an agreement among the Brazilian Ministry of Health, the National Agency of Supplementary Health and private hospitals in order to promote normal labor and birth, as well as the reduction of unnecessary CS. Another product of her work was the Birth in Prisons Study, which showed an overview of antenatal and childbirth care in incarcerated women and was crucial to establishing public policies to ensure sexual and reproductive rights for these women and their children.